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Tech Bytes And More

MM USA Web Zone - Tech Bytes And More

Need a Future? Learn a Second Language

languagesAs the world seems to shrink more every year, the need to communicate with people in other countries becomes increasingly important. Businesses, the military, and even social media, demand that individuals become fluent in more than one language. The question then becomes, which languages are going to be most important in the future? While evolving political and economic trends will ultimately dictate which languages are most important to know, there are some obvious choices topping the list today.

Military and other security organizations are always looking for anyone with Chinese, Arabic, Russian and other language expertise. Individuals who want to make themselves invaluable to those types of organizations need to learn languages that are viewed as being strategic today, as well as languages that are on the verge of gaining strategic importance. Linguistics experts are always in demand, and learning a new language can often secure a solid future.

Businesses are also in the hunt for multi-lingual speakers who can communicate effectively with individuals around the world. At this point, speakers of Chinese, Korean, Russian and a variety of other languages are all being actively recruited by corporations with international interests. Because the business world is changing rapidly, tracking the economic importance of countries like Brazil and Argentina is recommended. Learning Spanish or Portuguese would not be unwise, as their economic importance is quickly evolving.

There is also a new emphasis being placed on simply knowing a second, or even third, language as a way of communicating with others outside our own culture. Understanding how other people view themselves in a global society is important as a means of easing tensions around the world. Online social media venues allow anyone to communicate with people in far flung parts of the world, and learning about each other can make it easier to grasp international politics in a meaningful way.

No matter what the reason, learning a second language can open new doors for anyone. There are many approaches to learning a new language, but using technology as a learning tool is gaining in popularity. Programs like Rosetta Stone, Rocket Languages and Speak From Day 1 all offer ways to learn a second language. Learners can use the programs to learn at their convenience and at their own speed. For an improved future, learning a second language is a great start.

Why Is The Music Video Industry Dead?

musicvideoThere was a time where people would tune into TV networks like MTV and spend hours listening to music both new and old. MTV would play a plethora of music videos throughout the day. These videos were entertaining and to some people they were true works of art. In exchange for getting to listen to the music for free, people would rush out to the store and buy CDs of the songs that they enjoyed. This would turn into profit for everyone who had anything to do with the making of the videos in the first place. In a way, you could say a music video is nothing more than an advertisement for music played on television.

For a while it was pretty hard to turn the television on without a music video playing on one of the stations. If you’ve spent a lot of time watching television recently you’ve probably noticed that these videos just are not playing like they used to. This has a lot of people wondering what happened and what changed in the music industry?

The reason why you are not seeing music videos pop up on television like you used to is because there is not any money in it like there used to be. If you polled people anonymously most of them are going to tell you that they love music and they get music all of the time, but they do not pay for it anymore. Furthermore, people just do not go out and buy CDs like they used to.

Thanks to the Internet you really do not have to go out and buy CDs, so the individuals producing the music videos would end up spending a lot more money than they are making which is why it has become a dead industry. People are either going to go online and purchase a very cheap MP3 of the song or they are just going to find and download the song without buying it at all. A music video might increase the exposure of your song, but that does not mean that it is going to make you any money like it used to.

Spring 1971

Norman H. Russell, Spring 1971

this small leaf of a meadow violet all my life it seems i have stood high and far away from such things from such small things thinking to find in giant trees and stars all beauty all meaning all speaking thinking that god is giant this small leaf of a meadow violet surely it is the eye and the mind of god i am come down now from mountains and trees walking a more careful way among violet leaves and my eyes travel the rivers and hills of this leaf seeing watersheds of veins forests of tiny hairs seeing armies of insects like men and returning promethean at my pleasure from leaf to star from star to leaf.

Russell, Norman Hudson, Jr. “God Is Giant.” The Midwest Quarterly 50.4 (2009): 346+.

Basic Computer Viruses

Computer viruses used to be something users only read about in science fiction novels. But today, users need to understand the techniques of software sabotage that can be destructive and untraceable when used with a virus program.

Four basic types of malicious software may be part of a computer virus:

* A trapdoor is a set of special instructions embedded in the operating system, enabling anyone who knows about it to bypass normal security procedures and gain access to computer files.

A trapdoor is set legitimately during creation of the operating system, usually for debugging purposes. Programmers who develop large applications and operating systems often insert debugging aids that provide breaks in the code for later insertion of new code.

Operating systems and applications should be designed to prevent accessing or changing the code.

However, during software development, built-in safeguards are bypassed for efficiency’s sake. Trapdoors usually are eliminated in the final stage of product development but can be overlooked intentionally or unintentionally.

* A logic bomb is a computer program or part of a program executed at a certain time to facilitate an unauthorized or malicious act. The most common type is the time bomb, set to go off at a specific future time after the perpetrator has left the organization.

For example, a logic bomb might check the system date every day until it encounters the date it is programmed to go off. At that time it carries out its mission.

* A worm program is similar to an Autoexec file because it runs every time the system is booted up. Worms originally were developed by systems programmers who needed extra memory to run large programs and wanted to tap unused resources on a network.

The worm program searches the computer and network for idle machines, using them to execute the large program in small segments.

Underlying worm maintenance mechanisms are responsible for maintaining the worm, finding free machines when needed and replicating the program for each additional segment.

* In a Trojan horse attack, new instructions or logic are added to a computer program or circuit before it is used. During processing, the unauthorized, changed or new functions are performed along with normal activity. The Trojan horse is the most common method of program-based fraud and sabotage.

Instructions may be placed in production programs so they will execute in the protected or restricted domain of the program, with access to all the data files assigned for exclusive use of the program. Most programs are constructed loosely enough for space to be found or created to insert these instructions.

 

Rivera, Angel L. “Computer viruses can infect entire organizations.” Government Computer News 29 Apr. 1988: 37.

 

So how does one protect against this kind of stuff these days anyway?  There are thankfully a plethora of different software programs that can help to prevent and also remove malware and viruses.  Some, such as Spyhunter 4, work to actively protect the user’s computer.  Others, such as SpeedyPC Pro (check out this Speedy PC Pro review) work to remove the malware after the attack.  Of course it’s a good idea to prevent malware in the first place, and so we highly recommend Spyhunter 4 type programs with active protection.